Ṣawmo brikho

Ṣawmo brikho

ṣum ṣawmo d-arbcin yawmin, w hav laḥmokh l-ayno ḏ-khafin, w ṣalo v-yawmo švac zabnin akh d-ileft men Bar Išay

ܨܘܡ ܨܘܡܐ ܕܐܪܒܥܝܢ ܝܘ̈ܡܝܢ ܗܒ ܠܚܡܟ ܠܐܝܢܐ ܕܟܦܝܢ ܘܨܠܐ ܒܝܘܡܐ ܫܒܥ ܙܒ̈ܢܝܢ ܐܝܟ ܕܝܠܦܬ ܡܢ ܒܪ ܐܝܫܥ܀



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Maranatha!- Come,O Lord!

 מרנאתא

Μαραναθα

Come, O Lord!

There is some dispute as to what exactly that phrase means depending on how you divide the phrase.

In the original Greek text words are written consecutively without spaces.The same goes for the word μαραναθα (maranatha).

This word can be split up as μαραν αθα (maran-atha, מרן אתא‎) which means Our Lord has come! in this case.

Or the word can be divided as  μαρανα-θα marana-tha מרנאתא in which case it means Come O Lord!

In Bible translation the word is not translated usually but it is just transliterated instead as maranatha!




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Did Arabic come from Aramaic?

No,it didn't. While both languages are members of the Semitic language family, Arabic didn't derive from Aramaic.

Aramaic first appeared in the North ,in what is now northern Syria where it was spoken by the Arameans in various Aramaic kingdoms the most important of them the kingdom of Aram.

The native name for the Aramaic language ,lishana suryaya itself means Syrian language.

Arabic appeared in the deserts of the Arabian peninsula.Big differences in grammar , big differences in syntax. Of course,they share many common words and characterictics both being Semitic. Other than that they are not related.

The Arabic language itself did not come from Aramaic but the alphabet did. Not directly but the via the Nabbatean script.The Arabic script evolved from Nabbatean which in turn came from Aramaic.




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Relation between Aramaic and Hebrew.

Aramaic and Hebrew are very closely related Semitic language like ,say, Italian and Spanish sharing a lot of common vocabulary and grammar.

They are both written in the Assyrian script -the Ktav ashuri. 

Ktav ashuri, the Assyrian script.

The Hebrew alphabet developed from the Aramaic one which in turn evolved from Phoenician.

Aramaic was the mother tongue of the Arameans initially but after the conquests and policies of the Assyrian Empire followed by the Persian Empire it became the mother tongue of Hebrews also.

Hebrew in reality has long gone extinct  replaced by Aramaic after Jews were exiled in Babylon. Modern Hebrew is a very successful revival of the old language not spoken for two thousand years.

It is actually a reconstruction of what was  perceived by Ben Yahuda as the Hebrew language.

Hebrew continued to be used as a liturgical language after it is ceased to be spoken. Aramaic ,the spoken languages of the Jews at the time, influenced Biblical Aramaic as can be seen in the Talmuds.

The history of these two languages is intertwined. In antiquity the name Hebrew was often used for Aramaic.

Though these modern languages have grown apart greatly following a different path in history.

Syriac Aramaic became the language of the Syriac  Aramaic Christianity setting it apart from the Jewish tradition.

Nowadays only Biblical Aramaic is of importance to the Jews since both parts of the Old Testament and the Targums are written in Aramaic.

There are differences in syntax and grammar between Aramaic and Hebrew

For example the article in Hebrew is placed at the beginning of the word while in Neo-Aramaic languages is placed at the end:

 Ha’lekhem (Hebrew)- Lekhm ‘ah’ (Aramaic)

The bread

There is a consonant shift. The tav in Aramaic corresponds to the shin in Hebrew.

Hebrew (shum) שום 

Aramaic (tum [ah]) ܬܘܡܐ

garlic 



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