'Peace be upon you.'

שלם לכון

 Shlam  lᵉḵon

Peace be upon you.

Shlam (שלם)- peace

lᵉḵon (לכון) or lkwn - upon you

Syriac Aramaic 

 Shlomo 'aleykhun 

ܫܠܳܡܳܐ ܥܰܠܶܝܟ̣ܽܘܢ 

Shlomo or Shlama means hello in Syriac.

Compare that with the  Hebrew:

שָׁלוֹם עֲלֵיכֶם
shālôm ʻalêḵem

Vocalization of Galilean Aramaic.


Galilean Aramaic-belonging to the Western branch, had a distinct phonology compared to to Eastern Aramaic of Jerusalem and generally Judea.

Galileans tended to soften guttural and emphatic consonants in a Greek like way and they were probably were frowned up and seen as country bumpkins by locals of Jerusalem.

A Galilean would immediately stand out in Jerusalem as a provincial person with a thick accept to the ears of a local in Judea.

Transliteration to IPA (International Phenetic Alphabet):

1. ˀ/ʾ [ʔ]
2. b [b]
3. v/ḇ [β]
4. g [ɡ]
5. ḡ [ɣ]
6. d [d]
7. ḏ [ð]
8. h [h]
8. w [w]
9. z [z]
10. ṭ [tˤ]
11. ḥ [ħ]
12. y/i [j]
13. k [k]
15. 14. ḵ [x]
16. l [l]
17. m [m]
18. n [n]
19. s [s]
20. ˁ/ʿ [ʕ]
21. p [p]
22. p̄ [ɸ/f]
23. ṣ [sˤ]
24. q [q]
25. r [ʁ]
26. š [ʃ]
27. [t]
28. ṯ [θ]

• Vowels
1. ə [ə]
2. a [ʌ]
3. e [ɛ]
4. i [ɪ/i]
5. o [o]
6. u [u]

• Dipthongs
â/ai [aːj]
ê/ei [e̝]
î/i [ɪ̞]

Watch the whole playlist of Galilean vocalization.

Was Jesus a Hellenized Jew?

Nowadays most scholars accept that Jesus Christ was a Jew.But could it be that he was a Hellenized Jew?

Meaning of Hellenized
First let's take a look at what Hellenized means. It means under the influence of Greek culture.

Spread of the Greek language during
 the Diadochi and Roman times.

After the conquests of Alexander the great ,Greek culture spread far and wide eastwards including the middle East, especially around Antioch (modern-day Turkey) ,Western Syria , Lebanon and Alexandria in Egypt.

A portion of the local Jewish population came under the influence of Greek civilization and became Hellenized.

Antioch was one of the two biggest centers of Hellenized Jews -the other being Alexandria where the Septuagint was produced - the first translation of the Hebrew Bible in Greek.

Mother toungue of Jesus Christ.
It is also widely accepted that the mother toungue of Jesus was Galilean Aramaic- a dialect of the Western branch of Aramaic.

All Western Aramaic dialects came under the influence of Greek - Galilean Aramaic, Nabbatean, Samaritan, Palmyrene and others.

Traits of Galilean
Galilean though poorly attested has features attained obviously under the influence of the Greek language.

Galilean tended to soften ejected and guttural consonants unlike dialects of Eastern Aramaic in the area (Greek lacks emphatic and guttural sounds). It had a lot of loanwords from Greek as well as Latin.The choice of words was also different something like the differences between American English and British English.Even the word order was different resembling in some cases that of Greek.

Hellenized Jews bilingual in Greek and Aramaic would often mix the two languages. So, Jesus apart from Galilean could probably speak Greek fluently as well as Hebrew to some extent and some Latin.

Hebrew was already a dead language- centuries ago- by that time for the lower-class Jews whose native language was Aramaic. Hebrew was still used as a language of liturgy though.

A speaker of Galilean would sound strange in Jerusalem and his accent would give him away immediately.

After a little while those who stood by came and said to Peter, “Surely you are also one of them, for your speech gives you away.” – Matthew 26:73

Furthermore Galilea was north of Jerusalem closer to Antioch, a big urban center of Hellenized Jews.

The above would also explain why the New Testament was written originally in Greek .

So, could Jesus Christ be a Hellenized Jew?

Differences of a dialect.
Hellenistic Judaism


What kind of Aramaic is it spoken in the movie 'The Passion of the Christ'?

The well-known and for many the controversial film The Passion of the Christ by Mel Gibson is entirely in the Aramaic language.
But what kind of Aramaic is it spoken?

The Aramaic dialect used in the movie is a hypothetical one .It was infact reconstructed by a scholar of Aramaic- William Fulco- who was hired to translate the dialogues of the script into Aramaic.

This reconstructed Aramaic was mostly based on the vernacular and grammar of Eastern Aramaic dialects.

Fulco incorporated elements from the Book of Daniel and he also used Syriac Aramaic for words that were difficult to reconstruct.

Why wasn't the Aramaic spoken by Jesus used in the movie?

It is maintained that Jesus Christ spoke Galilean Aramaic ,a dialect of the branch of Western Aramaic, which  is very slim attested to this day and remains an obscure dialect. Efforts are continued by scholars to reconstruct Jesus mother toungue based on the few evidence that exists of it.

Read also

some Aramaic phrases from the movie. 

Shtey - drink. The scene when Pilate invites Jesus to water. 

Abba shbakhun - Father forgive them. The scene, after Jesus is put on the cross. 

Meleke Judaya - King of the Jews. The stage in the Great Council.

Nechek - kiss. The scene, Judas kiss.

Jeshuh men Nzaret - Jesus from Nazareth.

'Tree of life' in Aramaic (Galilean).

Galilean Aramaic¹
אילנה דחיה

אילן חייה (ʔilan ḥayya)

“The Tree of Life.”

ʔilana dᵉḥayyah

The Tree of Life.

Vocabulary and grammar
ʔilana - tree
dᵉ - of 
ḥayyah - life
The double y (יי) shows that the y is a consonant.

The tree of life is the source of eternal life in various mythologies and religions. It is the connection between heaven and earth. In Christianity it first appears in Genesis 2:9.

Genesis 2:8-9 The Lord God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed. Out of the ground the Lord God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Source: https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/Tree-Of-Life

1.Galilean was the Aramaic dialect Jesus spoke.

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