Turoyo the mountain Aramaic.

Turoyo ( ܣܘܪܝܬ, Surayth) ,the mountain Aramaic, also known as Surayt, Suroyo, Suryoyo - is a Central Neo-Aramaic language spoken nowadays mainly by the diaspora by the Assyrian people, about 100 thousand.

Turoyo in Mardin,SE Turkey
Yellow-19nth century
Orange-end of 1960s


It originally appeared in the Tur Abdin region of South-Eastern Turkey where few people speak it now mainly in the Mardin Province and Al-Hasanak governate in  North-easternen Syria.It's name comes from the word turo for mountain.

Turoyo is a term used by scholars for the sake of avoiding confusion with other Neo-Aramaic languages .Its speakers call it Surayth,Suroyo,Suryoyo,lishana Swaddaya and otherwise.

It is mainly spoken by the diaspora after the Assyrian Genocide by the Neo-Turks and subsequent wars in the region which led to massive migration initially to Western Europe in the 1970s.

It is estimated that Turoyo is spoken by about 100 thousand speakers and is now considered endangered.


Script for Turoyo
It is written mostly in the Serto script. In Sweden a Latin version was standardized for the language in the 1970s due to Swedish policy that everyone should be tought his/her mothertongue as a child.Latin is also used unofficially by private individuals over the internet,for letters,etc.

Surayth in the Serto alphabet

Russian expeditions in Tur Abdin
In 2018  two Russian expeditions by  the Russian Institute of Classical East and Antiquity took place in the Tur Abdin region whose purpose was to attempt to document and describe the Turoyo language.

These expeditions gathered audio recordings ,folklore tales and memories from native speakers of Turoyo.They also studied the morphology,phonology,semantics and grammar of the language.

External links
Shlomo Surayt (Learn Turoyo pdf)
Turoyo Neo-Aramaic in northern New Jersey

Basic Turoyo phrases

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