What are the targums.

The targums are Aramaic translations of the Hebrew Old Testament.The word Targum means 'translation' in Hebrew.

'Targum' means translation in Hebrew
After the emergence of Aramaic the Hebrew language was continuously loosing ground to it.Aramaic was gradually becoming the common language for the people.

At some point it became clear that Hebrew texts could not be understood by the mass and the need arised for a translation into Aramaic.Eventually Hebrew was reduced to being only the language of religion and the Elite in Palestine.

So ,the first targums appeared which where translations ,explanations and paraphrases of the religious Jewish scripts.

The most important targums are the Targums Onkelos and Targums Jonathan.

The Targum Onkelos  is translation of the Torah.


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